Medicinal uses of bitter gourd

Bitter gourd is enrich of nutrients just like beta-carotene, riboflavin, thiamine,folate and
minerals as Ca , Fe, P, mn, potassium, zinc, magnesium and dietary fiber. If we use bitter gourd
juice on regular basis, it boosts human body stamina and prevents all kinds of fatigue. The betacarotene nutrient in bitter melon helps in controlling eye disorders and increases eyesight.
Following are some of the most medicinal uses of bitter gourd in human health:

1. Bitter gourd energizing a sluggish digestive system and treats disease dyspepsia.
2. Scientific studies prove that fresh juice of bitter gourd can lower blood sugar level and keep
Insulin stable.
3. Bitter melon juice can also reduce chances of jaundice by strengthening the liver. By
detoxifying and sustaining liver, bitter melon juice may be helpful in the treatment of a
hangover.
4. Bitter gourd is as an Immuno regulator or immuno modulator. This may improve immune cell
function in individual with cancer.
5. Piles: An interesting folk remedy is to mix three tea spoons full of bitter gourd juice from
bitter melon leaves with a glass full of milk to be taken morning for about 30 days on an
emptied stomach.
6. Cholera: Fresh bitter melon juice of leaves of bitter melon is also a helpful medicine in early
stages of Cholera disease and other kinds of diarrhea.

Maintenance of open pollinated strains in bitter gourd

Sibbing is type of pollination in which pollen from male flowers of a particular open pollinated
strain is randomly applied to the pre-covered buds of female inflorescence of the same strain. In
cross pollinated species all plants of the same strain have different genetic makeup unlike the
case of plants in self-pollinated crops. Sibbing means brother-sister crossing would be an easier
term to explain the procedure for the course of varietal maintenance in cross pollinated
crops.During the internship period of time, a task of sibbing was entrusted in two open pollinated
strains of bitter gourd for their seed maintenance and further testing. The sibbing was followed as
per the procedure outlined before.

Selfing pollination for inbred advancement in bitter gourd

Selfing is a mechanism by which pollen from male flower of a plant is transferred to female
flower stigma of the same plant within the same genotype. Self-pollination is a mean of inducing
homozygosity in the cross pollinated species against the nature rule leading to inbreeding
depression. However, the self-pollination in cross pollinated species may lead to less vigour
commonly called as inbreeding depression or even the genetic death following genetic erosion.
The purpose of this intervention is to bring the homozygosity in otherwise cross pollinated
genetic make up for about 5-6 generations so as to exploit heterosis by crossing the depressed
genotypes.

CONCLUSION

The main purpose was to maintain different genotypes either varieties or strains and to excel the
selfing cycles in different genotypes of bitter gourd. In cross pollinated crops mostly for seed
maintenance space isolation is required. Sib-mating is the only way to maintain the seed of many
cross pollinated varieties in small area. The success rate remained 100%. Generally for the
course of inbred line cycle advancement the success rate also remained satisfactory. This clearly
indicated the success related to the pollination application. Hence, it is also confirmed that from
breeding point of view it is easy to precede crossing in bitter gourd for its varietal maintenance
and for exploitation of heterosis in the form of inbred line development.

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