Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes|Symptoms|Causes

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One of the oldest diseases among man is type 2 diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus. The first reported person having type 2 diabetes was for Egypt about approximately 3000 years ago. In 1998 the type 2 diabetes was considered as a component of metabolic syndrome. It was also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

Apart from this, it is the most common type characterized by hyperglycemia, insulin deficiency and insulin résistance. It is a disability of how the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as its fuel. Hence, when this condition becomes chronic (long-term), it results in higher sugar circulation in the bloodstream

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

A person may have type 2 diabetes and realize it late because it’s unnecessary that you feel sick with these symptoms. In type 2 diabetes, a person body does not respond appropriately to use insulin so that each cell receives glucose. This deficiency of glucose in cells leads the body to rely on other sources in muscles, tissues, and organs. Indeed it is the reason that you experience symptoms of diabetes. Also, diabetes 2 develops gradually and s if symptoms are mild, they are easily treatable.

Diabetes 2 includes the following symptoms

A person feels thrust

When tissue becomes dehydrated, you feel thirst. Increased level of thirst is a primary symptom of diabetes because frequent urination is directly proportional to thirst.

Fatigue

Other common symptoms of diabetes are fatigue, as we know that glucose is the source of energy for cells. And in diabetes, not enough glucose reaches to cell resulting in feeling exhausted and tired.

Wounds heal in a long time

A high level of glucose in the blood causes your body wounds to heal slowly. This wound and cuts remained open for a longer time and made your body more prone to further infections

Excessive urination

Excessive glucose builds in the body in diabetes, due to which kidneys forcefully work to absorb the inadequate amount of glucose. But when the kidney cannot keep up excess glucose, it is excreted through urine, along with fluids from other tissue. A person experiences frequent urination, especially during nighttime.

Problem in vision

Diabetes sometimes affects your vision. Intense levels of glucose in the body extract fluids from tissues and lenses of the eyes resulting in an inability to focus on images. If you do not take care of it initially, new blood vessels form in the retina start, damaging the existing vessels. In mild cases, a person sees blur images, but it can lead a person to blindness or vision loss in severe cases.

Polyphagia

Another prominent sign of type 2 diabetes is excessive hunger called polyphagia.  Because of abnormal glucose levels in the blood, there is difficulty in glucose entering into cells. It may be due to insulin resistance or lack of insulin. Consequently, the body cannot convert food into energy, and you feel an increase in hunger

Weight loss

As we have discussed above that glucose is extracted from the body through urination. This frequent release makes you lose calories too. It causes weight loss in diabetes 2.

Irritability in mood

Diabetes also affects a person’s mood resulting in mood swings.  It includes confusion, difficulty in concentration, aggression, and irritability. Also, a person may feel nervous and difficulty in thinking.

With the gradual progress of the disease, its symptoms become servers. If you have a high glucose level for a more extended period, you may experience the following symptoms.

  • Pain in foot
  • Dull patches on the skin called Acanthosis Nigricans
  • Fungal infections are known as Candidiasis
  • Numbness feelings in hands and feet

If you have more or less of these symptoms, consult your physician first, as with time, this condition becomes severe, making life miserable. Sometimes people do not recognize the signs, which lead to eyes as foot problems and kidney dysfunctions.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Moreover, this type of diabetes is a result of environmental, genetic, and behavioral factors. Type 2 diabetes is associated with long-term or short complications, leading to high pre-mature death rates. The International Diabetes Federation reports that 80% of people are living with diabetes in each country. They also stated that approximately 4.6 million deaths occurred in 2018 due to the type of diabetes. They further argue that n 2030 the probability of 439 million patients is possible. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes varies from one region to another because of a different life style and environment. Let’s discuss its causes in detail.

Diabetes results from inefficient use of sugar by the body. Although the actual cause of type diabetes 2 is unknown, the most important factors are the environment and genetics. We have discussed some apparent causes of type diabetes two below

Insulin resistance or low production

insulin

In type 2 diabetes, sometimes the insulin-producing cells do not produce enough insulin by body requirements. Mainly insulin is produced by the pancreas, but the body cannot transfer it to cells for use. In the first days, the pancreas increases the production of insulin to compensate for body resistance. But at last, cells wear out, and insulin production becomes slow. It leaves more glucose in the blood, which is called Pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes has a high level of glucose compared to normal but not as high for diagnosing type 2 diabetes. Diabetes 2 occurs when this condition remains for a longer time.

Obesity

Additional body fat leads to insulin resistance. It may be due to inflammation caused by excess fats. Not every obese person needs to develop type 2 diabetes

Age

Mayo clinic suggested that the risk of type 2 diabetes increase with age. A person is at higher risk after 45 years. Nowadays a dramatic increase is noticed in children and younger adults.

Genetics and hormones

Genetics and hormones play an essential role in type 2 diabetes. Genetic predicts how much likely you are to develop diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, if you have a sibling with diabetes, you are also prone to it. Also, when the body makes too much growth hormone, it leads to Acromegaly. It leads to weight gain and diabetes.

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