Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes treatment includes insulin, a diabetic diet, exercise, and medication.

After being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, do not worry. A person can effectively manage type 2 diabetes. Your doctor will advise you on how to maintain your glucose level and what to eat. Management of diabetes includes healthy eating, regular exercise, blood sugar monitoring recommended by physicians, weight loss, and insulin therapy or diabetes medications. We will discuss all these in detail below.

Eat healthy food

In contrast with popular perception, there is no exact diet for diabetes 2. However, it is necessary to include healthy food in the diet.
Take healthy snacks and meals in a routine plan.
Eat food in small portions rather than three times a day like normal individuals.
Costume food having high fiber ratios such as fruits, whole grains, and vegetables having a low starch level.

Avoid refined grains like white rice; instead, use brown rice and wheat.
Do not eat sweets and take low-fat dairy, meat, and fish.
Use healthy oils such as canola oil and olive oil instead of animal oils.
Try to consume few calories and more proteins and vitamins.
Portion control is also helpful. Fill your half plate with salad, one-third with food containing protein, and remaining with carbohydrates. It will make you consume a balanced diet.

Try not to consume packed food; instead, eat fresh vegetables and fruits. Do not eat in restaurants, and if you eat, then avoid eating white rice and bread.
Limit or avoid beverages like processed meat, beef, liver, sugary drinks, margarine, shellfish, pasta, and fruit juices.
Also, try to avoid fast foods as they have a lot of calories and low nutrients.
You can also take assistance from registered nutrition to help you provide a good plan, balanced diet full of nutrients. As a nutritionist, monitor your diet, develop new habits, and identify healthy choices in your food preferences. She also helps you in overcoming barriers regarding changing behavior and acquiring new habits.

Regular exercise and weight loss

Exercise enables you to a stable sugar level in the blood. Consult your physician first before starting exercise to avoid complications.
Select exercise which you relish like swimming, running or walking. Walk at least for 30-40 minutes daily.

Perform yoga as it will increase your straightness and also helps in stress reduction. Approximately 2-4 sessions of resistance exercise in a week is best for patients with type 2 diabetes.
Instead of performing tasks while sitting, try to do them while standing. It will decrease your inactivity. During any sitting job, take a break and walk for some minutes.

As we know that weight loss helps regulate blood sugar level, blood pressure, and cholesterol. If you are overweight, try to lose 5% of your body weight. As a result, you will notice improvement, and the more you lose weight, the greater will be benefits to your health. Your nutritionist can provide your meal plan according to your weight goals. Also, she will incorporate such habits into your lifestyle, which are best for weight loss.

Monitor blood sugar

Monitor your blood sugar level often as recommended by your physician. It will help you remain not to cross the target range. For instance, check your sugar level once a day or within a week.
Purchase a blood glucose meter and check your sugar level at home. You can test your sugar level with a drop of blood. Test your glucose leave before and after meals and exercise as it will help you find out factors that contribute to the increase or decrease of sugar level. It will enable your nutritionist and physician to manage your diabetes.

Medications

If your sugar is not becoming stable with lifestyle changes, your physician may prescribe medicines. Some of these medications are:

type 2 diabetes treatment medications

Glucagon:

It improves blood glucose level by slowing down your digestion process

Metformin

It lowers blood glucose levels and helps in overcoming insulin resistance. It is commonly recommended to most people with type 2 diabetes.

Meglitinides

This is a fast-acting medicine and stimulates the pancreas to produce proper insulin.

Sulfonylureas

It is oral education and helps the body in producing more insulin.

Thiazolidinediones

It overcomes resistance and makes the body sensitive to insulin.
As we know that, medicines have side effects too. It may require time to find the best medications suitable for your diabetes level. Primarily type 2 diabetes has other health problems like cholesterol or sugar level. These are also stabilizing through drugs

Insulin Therapy

type 2 diabetes insulin therapy

Some people with type 2 diabetes need insulin therapy. It was considered the last step in recent days, but now it physicians prescribe it if targets are not achievable with changes in lifestyle and diet.
There are different types of insulin, and they vary according to their work and effect. Long-acting insulin has a prolonged impact, so it is used at night or throughout the day to manage glucose levels. At mealtime, short-acting insulin is used.

Only your doctor can recommend the type of insulin suitable for your diabetes level. Its kinds, dosage, and timings are changed with time by the doctor depending on your glucose level. Injections mostly take insulin but remember that sometimes insulin causes low blood sugar levels, high triglycerides, and ketoacidosis.

       Written By: Sadia Zubair

       email:sadiakhanpsychologist1997@gmail.com

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