Knee pain is a commonly occurring problem in people of all ages. Its mostly caused by injury, aging, infections, gout, arthritis, and heavy stress on the knee.
Surgical repair, knee braces, and physical therapy are required to relieve knee pain. Home remedies also helpful in knee pain otherwise they may be severe.
Signs and symptoms
Following signs and symptoms are including:
- Stiffness and swelling
- Warmth to the touch and redness
- Instability or weakness
- Crunching or popping noises
Diseases or physical disorders that cause knee pain are following:
- Bone cancer is most prevalent.
- Anterior cruciate ligament
- Baker’ cyst
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Meniscus tear
Knee pain may be caused by mechanical problems, types of arthritis, injuries, and other problems.
Following some examples that describe how mechanical problems can cause knee pain? Include:
It occurs when the front cover of the knee (triangular bone or patella) displaced that is usually outside the knee. The kneecap may stay out of place which shown dislocation in some cases
Foot or hip pain
If you feel a foot or hip pain, then change the way of walking to feel better from painful joints. Problems in the foot or hip can cause a problem in knee pain
Sometimes break-off piece of cartilage or bone due to injury can float in the joint space, create problems if a loose body interacts with the movement of the knee joint, in this case, the effect is something like a finger caught in a gate hinge.
Iliotibial band syndrome
Hard tissue band extends from the hip outside to knee (iliotibial band) becomes so hard that rubs against the outside of femur. Iliotibial band syndrome are more detected to cyclist and runners.
Types of arthritis
Hundreds plus forms of arthritis exist. Including some types that most affected the knee.
It is a complex and common form of arthritis. It’s characterized by expected, redness, swelling, severe attacks of pain, and tenderness of joints, mostly occur in the enormous toe.
Degenerative arthritis or Osteoarthritis
It is the most common form of arthritis, affecting thousands of people all over the world. It’s a wear-and- tear condition that occurs when the cartilage in knee degrade with use and age. The disorder mostly affected the joints of knees, hands, spine and hips
A severe inflammatory or autoimmune disorder occurs when the body’s tissue is mistakenly attacked by your own immune system. It can affect the lining of the joint cause severe swelling and result in joint deformity and bone erosion.
- A painful joint infection occurs through germs that travel the blood from one part of the body to another part. It also occurs when a penetrating injury like trauma or animal bite, transfer germs directly into the joint. Adults and infants are more susceptible to septic arthritis. People with artificial joints are also affected by septic arthritis. Shoulders, hips, and other joints can be affected by septic arthritis but knees are most commonly affected. Cartilage and bone within the joint are damaged quickly and severely by infection.
Arthritis forms that cause stiffness, redness, tenderness, swelling, and warmth of some joints. At a time, one or more joints are affected by pseudogout. Wrist or knee are commonly affected. Elbows, hips, shoulders, finger joints, toes, or ankles are also less affected by pseudogout
Knee injury can effect any of the fluid-filled sacs or tendons, ligaments that cover the knee joint , cartilage, bone and ligaments.
More common injuries of knee are including
Knee bones, including patella (kneecap), can be broken during falls or vehicle collisions, pressure on the bone. Osteoporosis (weakened bone) having people can face the fracture by walking or stepping wrong
Anterior cruciate ligament injury –one of four ligaments that connects the shinbone to the thighbone. People who play soccer, basketball, or other sports are partially affected by ACL in which sudden changes in direction occur
Inflammation causing injuries in bursae, the small fluid sacs that cover the outside of the knee joint so that ligaments and tendons smoothly glide over the joint.
An injury to the tendon that connect patella to shin bone.Also known as jumper’s knee.
A C-shaped piece of rubbery, tough cartilage (meniscus) that performs like a shock absorber among thighbone and shinbone. If someone suddenly twisted his knee while putting heavy weight on it, it can be torn.
A general term “patellofemoral pain syndrome” that refers to pain feeling between patella and femur (underlying thighbone).
Most commonly arising in athletes: in older adults, who develop a condition resulting in arthritis of kneecap; and in young adults, especially that have a maltracking of kneecap
Some factors that increase the risk of knee pain, including
Lack of muscle strength or flexibility:
Knee injuries are also increased by less muscle flexibility or strength. Muscle flexibility help in achieving full direction of motion and strong muscle help in protecting and stabilizing joints.
Being obese or heavy weights increases the stress on knee joints, even during walking, running, jumping, and going up and downstairs. It also puts at the problem of osteoarthritis by promoting the breakage of joint cartilage.
Certain occupations or sports:
Some sports have greater stress on the knees than do others. Running, alpine skiing, basketball jumps and pivots, and jogging increase the stress on the knee joint or risk of injury. Jobs that require repetitive stress on knees like farming or construction increase the risk of injury.
A person having a previous knee injury seems that they have injured their knee again.
All knee injuries are not serious. But some knee pains and medical conditions liked generative arthritis can lead to increased joint pain, joint disability, and damage if not completely treated. Having knee pain, even less pain, seems that have the same pain in the future.
Some suggestions that help in joint deterioration and forestall injuries are following:
Keep extra pounds off
Maintain a strong and healthy weight; it’s the best thing for knees. Heavy burden or weight on joints, increasing the problems of degenerative arthritis and injuries
Be in shape to play sport:
Muscle preparation for demanding sport participation, take time for fitting according to condition. Your movement and technique can be professional if you work with a trainer or coach
Make sure the movement and technique ways you use in activity and sports are the best they can be. It’s helpful if you learn from a professional
Get strong, stay flexible
Weak muscles are an arising problem in knee injuries, it will benefit from building hamstrings and quadriceps which support the knees. Stability and balance training helps the muscles surrounding the knees work together more effectively. And hard muscles also can share to injury, flexibility is important.
Be smart about exercise
If someone has recurring injuries or chronic knee pain, osteoarthritis, it may change the way of exercise. Walking, running, jogging and sport inappropriate ways impact the curing or away from knee pain. Sometimes high impact activities will provide relief in injuries